Microsoft Flight Simulator – ICAO Phonetic Alphabet / VATSIM / IVAO

You are in the right place to learn aviation language. You will learn to code letters and numbers.

Preface

What is meant by the aviation alphabet is not an alphabet in the sense we understand it. It is actually a special encoding of the English Latin alphabet settings.

It is also known as the ICAO Phonetic Alphabet or the NATO Phonetic Alphabet. Assigns 26 letters of the alphabet using code. Use with fragmented and coded alphabet.

For example, “Alpha” stands for A, “Tango” stands for T. Multiple code distribution tools or expressions are grouped together to form one.

For example, saying “out” is called “Echo-Xray-India-Tango”. The main reason for using the Aviation Alphabet is that what is transmitted over the radio can be understood. These messages are very important to aviators because they allow Air Control vehicles (ATC) and other traffic to reach school aviators.

What are the Codings and Their Importance?

The alphabet is used by pilots and air traffic control when speaking over the radio so that voice communication can be understood. Certain letter and number combinations can be difficult to understand over the radio, especially when spoken by people with non-native or foreign accents. An international system like this is essential for airspace security.

When we look at the history of aviation, it is known that most of the accidents and incidents are related to the human factor as their cause. The main cause of human-induced accidents and incidents is communication. Communication problems between pilots and controllers are particularly serious. There are many findings that show that there is no more important phenomenon in aviation safety than communication. The most important thing to be done in order to keep safety at the highest possible level and to prevent accidents in aviation is to improve communication in air transport operations.

In addition to being considered a very important tool to prevent accidents, the aviation alphabet also prevents the disruption of the business of passengers/companies receiving service from aviation companies.

The primary cause of the aircraft crashes listed below is communication errors;

  • Tenerife Airport Disaster (1977) 583 fatalities
  • American Airlines Flight 965 (1995) 159 fatalities
  • Singapore Airlines Flight 006 (2000) 83 fatalities
  • Linate Airport Disaster (2001) 118 fatalities

How Are Codings Made?

The letters used in this coding system are the letters used in the English Alphabet and the encodings are made in accordance with the English pronunciation. If you want an example of coding, THY, which is used as the triple code of Turkish Airlines, can be considered. THY code is encoded as “Tango-Hotel-Yankee” according to the common coding system used in the Aviation Alphabet, its initials form the abbreviation of THY and code. Let’s say you need to encode a passenger’s name to the attendant on the other end of the radio. Let the passenger’s name be Alya Mavi, you need to code them as first and last name. You say on the radio that you are coding the name and you start coding; Alpha-Lima-Yankee-Alpha // This is how Mike-Alpha-Victor-India was coded.

Aviation; It consists of many abbreviations and encodings, as in the alphabet. For example, airports each have triple and quadruple codes. Just like airlines each have triple and binary code. Airports also have triple codes, as in IST, ESB, USA. The coding of airports is sometimes based on city names and sometimes airport names. For example, ADB is the triple code of Izmir, but it stands for Adnan Menderes Airport. At the same time, there are quad codes used in weather reports in flight planning of airports. Tertiary encodings are used in commercial activities while quadruple encodings are used in activities (such as LTAF, LTF).

Each of their aircraft has tail names that indicate its registration and distinguish it. It is the part called registration (tail name) located behind the official aircraft registration. Under the tail section, you can see tail names consisting of letters such as (TC-XXX). This indicates the nationality of the Turkish aircraft, the remaining letters are the registered letters of the airline. For example, the airline we see as (NL-XXXX) is a Dutch registered aircraft, and an aircraft we see as (IT-XXX) is an Italian aircraft.

Alphabet

L/NWordPronunciation
AAlphaAL FAH
BBravoBRAH VOH
CCharlieCHAR LEE or SHAR LEE
DDeltaDELL TAH
EEchoECK OH
FFoxtrotFOKS TROT
GGolfGOLF
HHotelHOH TEL
IIndiaIN DEE AH
JJuliettJEW LEE ETT
KKiloKEY LOH
LLimaLEE MAH
MMikeMIKE
NNovemberNO VEM BER
OOscarOSS CAH
PPapaPAH PAH
QQuebecKEH BECK
RRomeoROW ME OH
SSierraSEE AIR RAH
TTangoTANG GO
UUniformYOU NEE FORM or OO NEE FORM
VVictorVIK TAH
WWhiskeyWISS KEY
XX-RayECKS RAY
YYankeeYANG KEY
ZZuluZOO LOO

Numbers

L/NWordPronunciation
1OneWUN
2TwoTOO
3ThreeTREE
4FourFOW ER
5FiveFIFE
6SixSIX
7SevenSEV EN
8EightAIT
9NineNIN ER
0ZeroZE RO
.DecimalDAY SEE MAL
HundredHUN DRED
ThousandTOU SAND

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